IHRR aims to co-create sustainable
solutions to any problems.

IHRR aims to co-create sustainable solutions to any problems.

Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction

How we started

Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction (IHRR) is an organization established with an objective to assess and understand the risk to contribute to sustainability. Complying with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction(SFDRR), IHRR envisions to understand the risk and application of interdisciplinary knowledge with Science, Engineering, Technology and Innovation to contribute for risk reduction and bridging of academic research with professionals and policymakers for sustainability. The team consists of professionals with expertise and experiences in the field of disaster risk management in understanding the risk, conducting academic research, and field-level implementations in Nepal and different parts of the world.



The fragile geology and steep topography have made Nepal amongst the topmost disaster-prone countries in the world. Nepal ranks 4th, 11th, and 30th with regard to relative vulnerability to climate change, earthquake, and flood hazards respectively. It faces high magnitudes and intensities of a multitude of natural hazards such as flood, landslide, earthquake, fire, cold waves, hailstone, windstorm, thunderbolt, cloudburst, drought, Glacier lake outburst flood (GLOF), avalanches, and epidemics. Historical records from Desinventar and DRR portal visualizes that the country has been suffering from a number of disasters. Within the horizontal extent of 90-120km, the elevation of the country ranges from 30m(Terai) to 8848m(Mt. Everest). Nepal lies in one of the most seismically active regions of the world with a long history of earthquakes. Besides, the hilly areas, with rough topography and very young geology, are susceptible to landslides while the lowland Terai is very much prone to floods. Avalanches, GLOFs, and snowstorms are also common in the high hills of Nepal.

Despite the existing risk imposed by the hazards, the approaches towards Disaster Risk Reduction and Management still seem primitive. The multi-hazard lens of reacting to the disaster with effective preparedness seems way below par. Similarly, the level of understanding of risk and dynamics of hazards hasn’t improved much thereby creating visible gaps in disaster and development. There are some records of very limited practices and piloting of science and technologies-based innovations, however, there have been problems of scaling and implementation on the broader scale. The country has been aligning with the SFDRR, a number of treaties and agreements related to DRR, and marking its way to sustainability. However, the implementation side has been found challenging with the need for effective prioritization on achieving the DRR indicators. Existing systems, institutions, and mechanisms seem to require a sound intervention from the united Pool of Professionals and External Think Tank.

Thus, With a vision of preparing risk-informed societies for achieving disaster resilience and sustainable development, an interdisciplinary team of academicians, experts, practitioners, and early career professionals founded the Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction. Here at IHRR, we promote innovations and science-based decision-making in the DRRM. Through the successful piloting and reference of best practices, we aim to co-create economic and feasible solutions to the problems. The gaps between the policy and implementations will be solved through Advocacy and meaningful Intervention while the capacities will be constantly upgraded through the blendings of science, technology, and local resources. The lens of the multi-hazard spectrum aided with the interdisciplinary approach and wide multi-stakeholder collaboration will be the prime focus of IHRR.

Our future

Mission, Vision


To prioritize, train and mobilize DRR/M professionals and promote DRR/M solutions through science, engineering, technology, and Innovation.


Prepare risk-informed societies for achieving disaster resilience and sustainable development.


The goal of IHRR is to mainstream innovations and science-based decision making in DRR/M

Our Works

Here are some of our works

Local Disaster and Climate Resilience Plan

Collection and review of available information on different hazards and disaster risk including disaster preparedness and response for the preparation of risk profiles. Collection of Local disaster and climate-resilient information and conducting VCA with the use of spatial and attribute references. Workshops, Key Informant Interviews, and focus group discussions during the process of developing the LDCRP. Prepare comprehensive GIS maps and develop municipal geodatabases. Prepare and deliver high-quality LDCRP documents and submit the summary report, factsheets, and PowerPoint presentation.

Demonstration of UAV Surveying and DGPS

Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction launches Disaster Academy, training final-year engineering students in Kathmandu Valley on spatial data collection tools like DGPS and Drones, in collaboration with Geovation Nepal and Cosmos College of Management and Technology. The initiative aims to empower youths with skills for science-based disaster risk reduction, leveraging technology for local capacity building.

Study on Opportunities for Investment in Nature-based Solutions in Lower Karnali flood exposed Palikas

Developed flood hazard model and explored the opportunities for the nature based solutions for lower Karnali flood-prone areas like Bardiya and Kailali districts

Technical support on to co-design and test impact based flood forecasting model

Enhancing Flood Resilience: Scenario Design, Vulnerability Assessment, Early Warning Strengthening & Training Support

Anticipatory Action(AA) Tool for Heat & Cold Waves in Nepal

The project involved organizing an inception workshop, conducting historical trend analysis, developing regression models, creating a web-based application, finalizing the tool, and sharing it with the START Network team to enhance preparedness for heat and cold wave events.